Main Uses of Lifting Machinery

Basic mechanism of hoisting machinery All kinds of hoisting machinery have different purposes and structures, but they all have hoisting mechanisms to realize the basic action of lifting. Some hoisting machinery also has operating mechanism, luffing mechanism, slewing mechanism or other special working mechanism. The material can be hung and lifted by flexible parts such as steel wire ropes or lifting chains, and can also be lifted by screws or other rigid parts. Lifting machinery is a kind of space transportation equipment, whose main function is to complete the displacement of heavy objects. It can reduce labor intensity and improve labor productivity. Hoisting machinery is an indispensable part of modern production, and some hoisting machinery can also carry out some special process operations in the production process to realize mechanization and automation in the production process. Hoisting machinery helps human beings to realize the hoisting and movement of large objects, such as the sectional assembly of heavy ships, the integral hoisting of chemical reaction towers, and the integral hoisting of steel roof trusses of stadiums and gymnasiums, which could not be realized in the past, in the activities of conquering nature and transforming nature. The use of hoisting machinery has huge market demand and good economy. In recent years, the hoisting machinery manufacturing industry has developed rapidly with an average annual growth of about 20%. Because in the production process from raw materials to products, the amount of materials transported by lifting and transporting machines is often tens or even hundreds of times the weight of the products. According to statistics, for every ton of products produced in the mechanical processing industry, 50 tons of materials need to be loaded, unloaded and transported during processing, and 80 tons of materials need to be transported during casting. For every ton of steel smelted in the metallurgical industry, 9 tons of raw materials need to be transported, with 63 tons transferred between workshops and 160 tons transferred within workshops. Lifting and transportation costs also account for a high proportion in traditional industries. For example, the cost for lifting and transportation in machinery manufacturing industry accounts for 15-30% of the total production cost, the cost for lifting and transportation in metallurgy industry accounts for 35-45% of the total production cost, and the loading and unloading of goods in transportation industry depends on lifting and transportation machinery. According to statistics, the loading and unloading cost accounts for 30-60% of the total freight.